Politics of Costa Rica
Since 1821 Costa Rica is independent from Spain
Costa Rica has one of the most peaceful histories of whole Latin America
You can feel the peace until now. Since the 19th century, there were just two short violent periods, but always the democracy has been the winner.
President José Figueres Ferrer disestablished at the 8 May 1949 the army by a constitutional amendment.
The work of the frontier-defense has been adopted by the police, but it still exist a safety guard with around 9000 man.
In the year 1983 proclaimed the president Luis Alberto Monge, in aspect, of the worsening of the civil-war conditions in Central America the permanent and active neutrality of Costa Rica. The following president Óscar Arias Sánchez received, in the year 1987, the “Nobel Price for Peace” for his engagement to prevent violence and war.
Óscar Arias got 2006 for the second time as presidency and was able to control the future of Costa Rica in a good way. Costa Rica is also named “Swiss of Central America” and not just because of the mountains, primarily in case of the neutrality.
In February 2010 the first woman in the history of Costa Rica got to be president. The first female president of Costa Rica Laura Chinchilla, from the PLN party, was the president from 2010-2014. Unfortunately, she wasn’t able to control the country politics in a vice way and was leaving the agency in an unpopular position. With her faulty policy, the PLN lost votes and the PAC with Guillermo Solis on the top, polled the votes.
Guillermo Solis has won the vote (6 April 2014) and is since May 2014, the president of Costa Rica.