History of Costa Rica
The origin of all people on the American continent is Asia
Reports about the aborigines of Costa Rica had already started about 3000 years BC
In this time, men startet to cultivate land. But it was an extremely low population density. It has been estimated with the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th Century, at this time there were only 100,000 people living in the area of Costa Rica.
Like so many other countries in the region, Costa Rica was first discovered by Cristopher Colombus. That was in 1502 on the island of Uvita, located in front of the island of Puerto Limón.
The first explorations of the coastal region and the inland, did not take place until 1510. Between 1519 and 1523, the majority of today's Costa Rica was conquered by the Spain. The distinction made by Columbus naming Costa Rica was a pure fantasy. The country is poor in natural resources and precious metals. After 1560, Costa Rica was already systematically colonized, and spanish conquistadors founded Cartago, which was until 1823 the capital of Costa Rica. In the 17th Century, the Spanish strengthened their domination of Costa Rica. However, remained insignificant due to its lack of materials and strategic location, a subordinate and inferior colony.
In 1821 Costa Rica received its independence from the Spanish crown. Costa Rica has one of the most peaceful history of Central America, and you can feel it until today.Since the 19th Century, there were only two brief periods of violence, but they were effectively opposed by the democratic aspirations.
President José Figueres Ferrer, on May,8th of 1949, he abolished the army by constitution. The police took over the border guards duty, and there is a security guard with a strength of about 9000 men. In 1983, the president Luis Alberto Monge, announce Costa Rica's permanent, active, and unarmed neutrality, given the intensification of the civil wars in Central America. Then, the President Óscar Arias Sánchez received the Nobel Peace Prize, in 1987, for its commitment to the peaceful resolution of conflicts in Central America.
Oscar Arias was elected president again in 2006, and directed for four years the future of Costa Rica, which is also known as the "Switzerland of Central America". And not only because of the mountainous landscape, also because of the wealth and neutrality, which is expressed by the absence of the army.
In February 2010, Costa Rica held presidential elections. A very clear result leaves no room for arguments or polarization, as it happens unfortunately in other countries of the region.
Laura Chinchilla became the first woman to adopt the job as President of Costa Rica, from 2010 to 2014. She replaces Oscar Arias, and won with an overwhelming majority (more than 20% distance to the closest allies). Since 2014 the president from Costa Rica is Luis Guillermo Solís.
Costa Rica is not an oil-producing country, like others in the South and Central American hemisphere. Ninety-eight percent of electricity generation comes from water, wind, and geothermal.
Tourism in Costa Rica is one of the reasons why the government was quick at installing renewable energy. This has been paid over the years, so that Costa Rica does not need to import any fuel to produce electricity. The backbone of the power supply is the water power at over 80%, followed by geothermal and wind energy.